Sent to you by moya via Google Reader:
via Liquor&Spice on 1/29/11"Most maroon leaders were African-born, but after 1700 leadership increasingly fell to those born to Black Indian marriages, people familiar with European negotiations. Black women, in short supply, sometimes played crucial roles in village life. In Amazonia, Brazil, Filippa Maria Aranha, who ruled a thriving colony, so adroitly maneuvered her armed forces against the Portuguese, there was no defeating her and Portugal granted her people freedom, independence and sovereignty."
William Loren Katz, "Africans and Indians: Only in America"
Filippa Maria Aranha has kind of become my new hero. I wish I could find more info about her.